Jacques Bourgeois

Jacques Bourgeois
Firm: Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP
Address: Bastion Tower, Place du Champ de Mars / Marsveldplein 5
BE 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Phone: +32 2 285 49 00
Fax: +32 2 285 49 49
E-mail: Contact Us
Web site: http://www.wilmerhale.com

Position Areas of Practice Bar Admissions
Education Published Works Representative Cases
Lawyer Profile:

Jacques Bourgeois is a consultant in the firm's Regulatory and Government Affairs Department, and a member of the Antitrust and Competition, European Union Regulatory, and International Trade, Investment and Market Access Practice Groups. He joined the firm in 2007.

Mr. Bourgeois advises the firm and its clients on all aspects European Union law, specifically in relation to EU competition matters and international trade law. He has over four decades of experience in both private practice and public service in these areas, including having served with the European Commission for over twenty-five years. Mr. Bourgeois works closely with WilmerHale attorneys resident in the Brussels office and across the US, UK, Germany and China, providing the invaluable support to the firm's international practice.

Current Employment Position(s):

Year Joined Organization:
Areas of Practice:
Antitrust and Competition
International Trade, Investment and Market Access
Regulatory and Government Affairs
Brussels/EU Practice
European Regulatory Group
State Aid
Public Procurement and Government Contracts
Bar Admissions:
University of Michigan Law School at Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1960

Ghent University School of Law, Ghent, Belgium, 1959
Dr. jur.

University of Louvain, 1959

Published Works:
Hard Times: Employment Issues in EU Merger Control, 2010

EU Competition Remedies in Consumer Cases: Thinking Out of the Shopping Bag, 2010

EU Consultations on Competition Best Practices and Hearing Officer Procedure - WilmerHale's Comments, 2010

WilmerHale's Antitrust and Competition group responds to European Commission's invitation to comment on Best Practices and Hearing Officer Guidance, 2010

The Lisbon Treaty: The next steps forward for Europe, 2009

Does Belgium still have valid "blocking statutes"?, 2009

The World Trade Organization - Dispute settlement system: embedded in public international law?, 2009

The extent to which the EC legislature takes account of WTO obligations: jousting lessons from the European Parliament, 2008

Commentary on Art. 30 and 31 Trips Agreement, 2008

Post Cancún WTO Trips - A bumpy road, 2008

Commentary on various articles of relevant WTO agreements, 2008

Ne bis in idem and Enforcement of EEA Competition Rules, 2007

A Comparative Analysis of Selected Provisions in Free Trade Agreements, 2007

The EEA Rules on Competition: Odd Man Out or Model For Multilateral Rule?, 2006

Sanctions and Counter-Measures: Do the Remedies Make Sense?, 2006

Un exemple de lobbying étatique: le Congrès Américain et l’ORD, 2006

The Umpire Needs Better Rules of the Game, 2006

Decentralisation of EC Competition Law Enforcement and General Principles of Community Law, 2005

Guidelines on the Application of Article 81(3) of the EC Treaty or How to Restrict a Restriction, 2005

Trade Law Experienced: Pottering About in the GATT and WTO, 2005

La Politique commerciale, 2004

WTO Dispute Settlement Practice Relating to Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, 2004

Comment on a WTO Permanent Panel Body, 2003

The Triangle of TRIPs, GATT and GATS, 2003

Commentary on Arts. 131 to 134 EC Treaty in von der Groeben/Schwarze, 2003

The EC’s Trade Policy Powers after Nice: Painting Oneself in a Corner, 2003

From Negative to Positive Integration in the WTO: the TRIPs Agreement and the WTO Constitution, 2003

Implementing Paragraph 6 of the Doha Declaration on TRIPs and Public Health – The Waiver Solution, With Th. Burns, 2002

The Commission's Draft on 'New Regulation 17', 2002

On the Internal Morality of WTO Law, 2002

Het EG-beleid met betrekking tot vrijhandelszones. Kunst- en vliegwerk, 2002

Transferable Marketing Exclusivity: An Incentive for Development of Medicines for the Developing and Least Developed World, 2001

Some Reflections on the WTO Dispute Settlement System from a Practitioner’s Perspective, 2001

La Unión Europea y el Acuerdo ADPIC: Algunos Comentarios, 2001

EU Rules on State Aids and WTO Provisions on Subsidies Compared: the Case of State-Owned Banks, 2001

Decentralized Enforcement of EC Competition Law by National Competition Authorities: Some Remarks on Consistency, Coherence and Forum Shopping, 2001

The Gasoline, the Hormones and the Shrimps Cases in the Light of Substantive Law, 2000

La clause de sauvegarde dans le commerce international de marchandises, 2000

The Gasoline, the Hormones and the Shrimps Cases in the Light of Procedural Law, 2000

Regulatory Barriers and the Principle of Non-Discrimination in World Trade Law, 2000

The European Court of Justice and the WTO: Problems and Challenges, 2000

’Subsidiarity’ in the WTO Context from a Legal Perspective, 2000

WTO – The Global Trade Approach, 2000

Internationale mededingingsregels: toch niet de Graal?, 1999

State Aids, Taxation Measures and Specificity. Some Thoughts, 1999

External Relations Powers of the European Community, 1999

Blitz und Donner aus Brüssel, 1999

De Raad voor de mededinging stapt op: een sprong in het duister, 1998

The European Community Experience, 1998

EC Rules on State Monopolies and Public Undertakings: Any Relevance for the WTO?, 1998

Direct Taxation and the WTO: In or Out?, 1998

WTO Dispute Settlement in the Field of Anti-dumping Law, 1998

Enforcement of EC Competition Law by National Authorities : Square Pegs in Round Holes ?, 1997

De Banksector en de EG-mededingingsregels "Van Close encounters of the third kind tot in – en aanpassing – enkele kanttekeningen, 1997

GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement Practice in the Field of Anti-dumping Law, 1997

Mixed Agreements: a New Approach, 1997

Regras multilaterais de concorrencia: ainda uma busca do Santo Graal, 1996

Bruxelles n’est pas Washington: Le lobbying en matière d’environnement dans la Communauté européenne, 1996

EC Trade Policy Measures, Their Costs and Benefits, 1996

The Uruguay Round of GATT : Some General Comments from an EC Standpoint, 1996

The EC in the WTO and Advisory Opinion 1/94 : An Echternach Procession, 1995

The Uruguay Round Results. A European Lawyers' Perspective, 1995

The Working of EC Policies on Competition, Industry and Trade : a Legal Analysis, 1995

Rechtliche Aspekte der Einführung des ECU, 1995

EC or EU: A Question of Semantics?, 1995

EC Competition Law and Member State Courts, 1994

L'avis de la Cour de Justice des Communautés européennes à propos de l'Uruguay Round : un avis mitigé, 1994

Rules of Origin in International Trade, 1994

Enkele procedure-aspecten van het EG-mededingingsrecht: tema en variaties op Pygmalion, 1993

International Jurisprudence and Domestic Law: Some Comments from a European Community Perspective, 1993

Trade Policy-Making Institutions and Procedures in the European Community, 1993

Competition Policy and Commercial Policy, 1993

La Comunidad europea, la Asociación de Libre Comercio y el Espacio Económico Europeo, 1993

La Politique commerciale commune, 1993

De nationale rechter en de EG-mededingingsregels, 1993

Undertakings in EC Competition Law, 1993

Misbruik van economische machtspositie, 1993

EEG - Concentratie-Controle : een inleiding, 1992

La Politique commerciale, 1992

L'Espace économique européen, 1992

EC Control over International Mergers, 1991

Subsidies and International Trade - A European Lawyers' Perspective, 1991

Trade Laws of the European Community and the United States in a Comparative Perspective, 1991

Bittere medicijn? Enkele bedenkingen n.a.v. een studie over anti-dumping, 1991

Commentary of Artt. 110 to 116 EC, 1991

L'action anti-dumping comme moyen de défense des producteurs de la Communauté européenne, 1991

Jurisdictional Issues : The EEC Merger Control Regulation, Member States and Articles 85 and 86, 1990

Market Access for Non-EC Goods and Businesses after 1992, 1990

Le réglement CEE relatif au contrôle des concentrations : un premier commentaire, 1990

DE EEG concentratiecontrole- verordening : een eerste commentaar, 1990

Antitrust and Trade Policy : Peaceful Coexistence? The EC Perspective, 1989

EC Rules against Illicit Trade Practices - Policy Cosmetics or International Law Enforcement?, 1989

The GATT Rules for Industrial Subsidies and Countervailing Duties : Reform Proposals for the New GATT Round, 1988

Les engagements internationaux de la Communauté et leurs implications sur le plan interne, 1988

Protectionism and the European Community, 1988

The EFTA Countries and the EC Legal Systems : Is Integration Possible?, 1988

Les relations extérieures de la Communauté Européenne et la règle de droit : quelques réflexions, 1987

La difesa commerciale e il nuovo ciclo di negoziati multilaterali, 1987

EC Antidumping Enforcement - Selected Second Generation Issues, 1986

Le nouvel instrument de politique commerciale un pas en avant vers l'élimination des obstacles aux échanges internationaux, 1985

Effects of international Agreements in European Community Law : Are the Dice cast ?, 1984

The European Community - United States Steel Arrangement, 1984

Protectionism and the European Community, 1983

The Tokyo Round Agreements on Technical Barriers and on Government Procurement in international and EEC Perspective, 1982

La politique agricole commune, 1981

Le GATT et la CEE, 1980

Some Comments on the Practice, 1980

De samenwerking tussen Hof van Justitie van de Europese Gemeenschappen en de nationale rechter : de prejudiciële verwijzing en de rechtsbescherming, 1979

Het Hof van Justitie en het communautaire landbouwbeleid, 1978

Some Comments on the Practice, 1978

Het Hof van Justitie en het communautaire landbouwbeleid, 1977

The Law of European Economic Community - A Commentary on the EEC Treaty, 1976

La direttiva della Comunità economica europea relativa all'ammordernamento delle aziende agricole, 1975

De GATT - overeenkomst en de EEG-Landbouwregelingen, 1974

De GATT - overeenkomst en het EEG-Verdrag, 1974

Les directives sur la réforme de l'agriculture dans la Communauté, 1973

Representative Cases:
Expert Guides: The Best of the Best 2010
West Practice Categories:
Antitrust & Trade Regulation, Antitrust Law, Business & Trade, International Law, International Transactions, Unfair Competition

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