Harry T. Edwards

Hon. Harry T. Edwards
Firm: United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
Address: E. Barrett Prettyman United States Courthouse
333 Constitution Avenue, N.W.
Fifth Floor, Room 5205
Washington, DC 20001
Phone: (202) 216-7380
Web site: http://www.cadc.uscourts.gov/

Position Bar Admissions Education
Honors Published Works Affiliations
Lawyer Profile:

Judge Edwards received a B.S. degree from Cornell University in 1962 and a J.D. degree from the University of Michigan law School in 1965. He graduated from law school with distinction and was a member of the Michigan Law Review and the Order of the Coif. He was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit by President Carter in 1980. He served as Chief Judge from September 15, 1994 until July 16, 2001, and he took Senior status on November 3, 2005. Before joining the bench, Judge Edwards was a tenured Professor of Law at the University of Michigan Law School (1970-75 and 1977-80) and at Harvard Law School (1975-77). He was also a member of the faculty at the Institute for Educational Management at Harvard University (1976-82). He practiced law in Chicago with Seyfarth, Shaw, Fairweather & Geraldson from 1965 to 1970.

He is currently a Professor of Law at the NYU School of Law, where he has taught since 1990. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; the Committee on Science, Technology, and Law at the National Academy of Sciences; the American Law Institute; the Board of Directors, Institute for Judicial Administration, NYU School of Law; and a Fellow of the American Bar Foundation. He has served as Co-Chair of the Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Science Community, National Academy of Sciences. See The National Academy of Sciences Report on Forensic Sciences: What it Means for the Bench and Bar, 51 Jurimetrics (2010). He has also served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of AMTRAK; the Executive Committee of the Order of the Coif; a member of the Executive Committee of the Association of American Law Schools; and a member and Vice President of the National Academy of Arbitrators.

Judge Edwards is the co-author of five books, the most recent of which is Federal Standards of Review (2nd Edition, 2013)(with Linda A. Elliott and Marin K. Levy). He has also published scores of articles. His article on The Growing Disjunction Between Legal Education and the Legal Profession, 91 Michigan L. Rev. 401 (1992), has been recognized as "one of the most-cited law review articles of all time." Shapiro & Pearse, The Most-Cited Law Review Articles of All Time, 110 MICH. L. REV. 1483, 1492, 1493, 1501 (2012). Two of his articles, The Effects of Collegiality on Judicial Decision Making, 151 Pennsylvania L. Rev. 1639 (2003), and Pitfalls of Empirical Studies That Attempt To Understand the Factors Affecting Appellate Decisionmaking, 58 Duke Law Journal 1895 (2009) (with Michael Livermore) explain how appellate judges decide cases and refute the claims that the personal ideologies and political leanings of the judges on the D.C. Circuit are crucial determinants in the court's decision-making process. In 2004, in commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education, Judge Edwards authored The Journey from Brown v. Board of Education to Grutter v. Bollinger: From Racial Assimilation to Diversity, 102 Michigan L. Rev. 944 (2004), in which he draws on his own personal and professional experiences to reflect on racial equality and inequality in America and ponder the consequences of the shift from racial assimilation to diversity as a means of achieving racial equality.

Current Employment Position(s):
Senior Judge, since November 3, 2005

Appointed 1980 by President Carter
Bar Admissions:
Illinois, 1965
Michigan, 1971
District of Columbia, 1981
The University of Michigan Law School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1965
Honors: With Distinction
Honors: Order of the Coif
Law Review: Michigan Law Review, Assistant Editor, 1963 - 1965

Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1962

Published Works:
Labor Relations Law in the Public Sector: Cases and Materials (With R.A. Smith & R.T. Clark, Jr.), 1st ed., 1974

The Lawyer as a Negotiator (With J.J. White), 1977

Higher Education and the Law (With V. Nordin), Institute for Educational Management, Harvard University, 1979

Collective Bargaining and Labor Arbitration (With D.P. Rothschild & L.S. Merrifield), 2d ed., 1979

Labor Relations Law in the Public Sector: Cases and Materials (With R.T. Clark, Jr. & C. Craver), 2d ed., 1979 and 3rd ed., 1985

An Introduction to the American Legal System, Institute for Educational Management, Harvard University, 1980

Higher Education and Unholy Crusade Against Governmental Regulation, Institute for Educational Management, Harvard University, 1980

Article, Preferential Remedies for Employment Discrimination (With B.L. Zaretsky), 74 Michigan Law Review 1, 1975

Article, Substantive Legal Developments Under Title VII, 19 Michigan Law Quadrangle Notes 11, 1975

Article, The Impact of Private Sector Principles in the Public Sector: Bargaining Rights for Supervisors and the Duty to Bargain, Union Power and Public Policy, Cornell University School of Industry & Labor Relations, 1975

Article, Race Discrimination in Employment: What Price Equality?, Illinois L. F. 572, 1976

Article, Arbitration of Employment Discrimination Cases: A Proposal for Employer and Union Representatives, 27 Labor Law Journal, May, 1976

Article, Preferential Remedies and Affirmative Action in Employment, 16 Cornell Industrial & Labor Relations Rep. 7, 1979

Article, The Coming of Age of the Burger Court: Labor Law Decisions of the Supreme Court During the 1976 Term, 19 B.C.L. Review 1, 1977

Article, Arbitration as an Alternative in Equal Employment Disputes, 33 Arbitration Journal 22, December, 1978

Article, Affirmative Action or Reverse Discrimination: The Head and Tail of Weber, 13 Creighton Law Review 713, 1979-1980

Article, A Judge's View on Justice, Bureaucracy, and Legal Method, 80 Michigan Law Review 259, 1981

Article, Goals in Life Worth Pursuing, 10 Florida State University Law Review 517, 1983

Article, The Role of a Judge in Modern Society: Some Reflections on Current Practice in Federal Appellate Adjudication, 32 Cleveland State Law Review 385, 1983-1984

Article, The Rising Work Load and Perceived "Bureaucracy" of the Federal Courts: A Causation-Based Approach to the Search for Appropriate Remedies, 68 Iowa Law Review 871, 1983

Article, Judicial Review of Deregulation, 11 N. Kentucky Law Review 229, 1984

Article, The Human Aspect of Lawyering, 61 U. Det. J. Urb. L. 545, 1984

Article, Alternative Dispute Resolution: Panacea or Anathema?, 99 Harvard Law Review 668, 1986

Article, Public Misperceptions Concerning the "Politics" of Judging: Dispelling Some Myths About the D.C. Circuit, 56 University of Colorado Law Review 401-23, 1985

Article, Deferral to Arbitration and Waiver of Duty to Bargain: A Possible Way Out of Everlasting Confusion at the NLRB, 46 Ohio State Law Journal 23, 1985

Article, Hopes and Fears for Alternative Dispute Resolution, 21 Willamette Law Review 101-19, 1985

Article, Do Lawyers Still Make a Difference?, 32 Wayne Law Review 201, 1986

The Future of Affirmative Action in Employment, 44 Washington & Lee Law Review 763-765, 768, 1987

The Changing Notion of Our Federalism, 33 Wayne Law Review 1015, 1987

Justice Black and Labor Law: Some Reflections on the Justice's Jurisprudence of Individual Versus Collective Rights in Industrial Relations, Alabama Law Review, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 162-287, 1987

Agonizing Over the Simple Realities of Labor Relations, in the Future of Industrial Relations, Monograph and Research Series: 47, UCLA Institute of Industrial Relation, pp. 227-230, 1987

Wade H. McCree, Jr.: A Model of Excellence, Michigan Law Review, Vol. 86, No. 2, pp. 227-230, 1987

Judicial Review of Labor Arbitration Awards: The Clash Between the Public Policy Exception and the Duty to Bargain, Chicago-Kent Law Review Vol. 64, No. 1, pp. 3-34, 1988

The Role of Legal Education in Shaping the Profession, Journal of Legal Education, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 285-93, 1988

Regulating Judicial Misconduct and Divining "Good Behavior" for Federal Judges, Michigan Law Review, Vol. 87, No. 4, pp. 765-796, 1989

A Lawyer's Duty to Serve the Public Good, New York University Law Review, Vol. 65, No. 4, pp. 1148-1163, 1990

Religious Discrimination and the Role of Arbitration Under Title VII (With J. Kaplan), Michigan Law Review, Vol. 69, No. 4, pp. 599-654, March, 1971

A New Role for the Black Law Graduate - A Reality or an Illusion?, Michigan Law Review, Vol. 69, No. 8, pp. 1407-1442, August, 1971

The Developing Labor Relations Law in the Public Sector, Duquesne Law Review, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 357-382, Spring, 1972

The Emerging Duty to Bargain in the Public Sector, Michigan Law Review, Vol. 71, No. 5, pp. 885-934, April, 1973

Labor Arbitration at the Crossroads: The Common Law of the Shop Versus External Law, Arbitration Journal, Vol. 32, No. 2, June, 1977

On Becoming a Lawyer: Some Challenges for the Future, Michigan Journal of Law Reform, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 1-9, 1979

Reflections of a Judge: The Advantages of Arbitration Over Litigation, Proceedings on the 35th Annual Meeting of the National Academy of Arbitrators, BNA, Inc., 1983

Seniority Systems in Collective Bargaining, Arbitration in Practice, Zack, ed., Cornell ILR Press, pp. 119-141, 1984

The Duty of Fair Representation: A View from the Bench, The Changing Law of Fair Representation, McKelvey, ed., Cornell ILR Press, pp. 93-105, 1985

Appellate Advocacy - Good and Bad in the Court of Appeals, California Labor & Employment Law Quarterly, Vol. 8, No. 7, pp. 1-4, Winter, 1991

Lessons of Life, Washington Lawyer, Vol. 5, No. 5, pp. 12-13, May/June, 1991

The Judicial Function and The Elusive Goal of Principled Decisionmaking, Wisconsin Law Review, Vol. 1991, No. 5, pp. 837-867, 1991

The Growing Disjunction Between Legal Education and the Legal Profession, Michigan Law Review, Vol. 91, pp. 401-445, 1992

Our Federalism: Doctrines of Legislative and Judicial Federalism in the United States (Comparative Lessons for Subsidiarity in the European Community?) (With J. Speta), The Forum for US-ES Legal-Economic Affairs: Issues of the Evolving European Union, The Mentor Group, 1993

The Growing Disjunction Between Legal Education and the Legal Profession: A Postscript, Michigan Law Review, Vol. 91, pp. 2191-2219, 1993

Personal Reflections on 30 Years of Legal Education for Minorities, Michigan Law Quadrangle Notes, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 38-43, 1994

Another Postscript to The Growing Disjunction Between Legal Education and the Legal Profession, 69 Washington Law Review 561, 1994

Regulating Violence on Television, Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 89, No. 4, pp. 801-880, 1995

The Resurrection of NLRB v. Hearst: Independent Contractors Under the National Labor Relations Act (with Adelstein), Kansas Law Review, Vol. 17, p.191, 1969

Due Process Considerations in Labor Aribitration, Arbitration Journal Vol. 25, p.141, September, 1970

Black Perspective: Justice and the Judicial System, Michigan Law Quadrangle Notes, Vol 15, No. 2, p 21.24, Winter, 1971

An Overview of the 'Meet and Confer' States -- Where Are We Going, Michigan Law Quadrangle Notes, Vol. 16, No. 2, p 10-15, Winter, 1972

Headwind': Minority Placement in the Legal Profession, Michigan Law Quadrangle Notes, Vol.16, No. 3, Spring, 1972

The Emerging Law on Sex Discrimination in Employment, Michigan Law Quadrangle Notes, Vol. 17, No. 2, p12-17, Winter, 1973

Sex Discrimination in Employment: Some Unresolved Issues, Labor Law Journal, Vol. 24, No. 7, July, 1973

Legal Aspects of the Duty to Bargain, Faculty Bargaining in the Seventies, published by the Institute of Continuing Legal Education, 1973

Arbitration of Employment Discrimination Cases: An Empirical Study, Proceedings of the 28th Annual Meeting of the National Academy of Arbitrators (BNA, Inc.), 1975

The Cost of Equality: Civil Rights During Periods of Economic Stress, Michigan Law Quadrangle Notes, Vol. 20, No. 2, p 5-11, Winter, 1976

Contributions of Grievance Arbitration to Industrial Relations and Industrial Peace, New England Regional Arbitration Conference (Labor Relations & Research Center, U. of Mass, Amherst), 1977

Preferential Remedies and Affirmative Action in Employment in the Wake of Bakke, Washington University Law Quarterly, Vol. 1979, p. 113-136

A Time for Renewed Commitment, Howard Law Journal, Vol. 24, p 1-8, 1981

A Celebration, Michigan Law Quadrangle Notes, Vol. 27, No. 3, p 17-21, Spring, 1983

The Judiciary, The Law and Industrial Relations: An American Perspective, The Forum, p3-17, Sept.-Oct., 1983

Seeking a Satisfying Life in the Law, Program for Second Year Students at Harvard Law School, Sept. 24, 1983

Storm Warnings in Labor Arbitration, ILR Report, Vol. XXII, No. 2, Spring, 1986

A Colloquium on Improving Dispute Resolution: Options for the Federal Government, "Alternative Means of Dispute Resolution in Government: A Sense of Perspective", Administrative Law Journal, The American University, Vol. 1, No. 2, Fall, 1987

In Memory of Thurgood Marshall, 68 NYU L.Rev. 207, 1993

To Err is Human, But Not Always Harmless: When Should Legal Error Be Tolerated?, New York University Law Review, Vol. 70, No. 6, December, 1995

Lessons of Life & A Lawyer's Duty to Serve the Public Good, Georgetown Law, Winter, 1996

Reflections On Education at the ILR School, Circa 1958-1962, The ILR School at Fifty: Voices of the Falculty, Alumni & Friends, Cornell University, 1996

Comments on Mirjan Damaska's Of Evidentiary Transplants, The American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 45, No. 4, Fall, 1997

A New Vision for the Legal Profession, New York Law Review, Vol. 72, No. 3, p 567-77, June, 1997

Opening Remarks at the 74th Annual Meeting of the American Law Institute, American Law Institute Remarks & Addresses at 4-18, 1997

A Tribute to my Friend, The Honorable Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Annual Survey of America Law, NY University, 1 & 2, 1997

From Labor Law To Employment Law: What Next? (with V. Seitz), Industrial Relations and the Dawn of the New Millennium, Cornell University, 1998

Collegiality and Decision Making on the D.C. Circuit, 84 Va. L.Rev. 1335-1370, October, 1998

Professor Theodore J. St. Antoine: A Legendary Figure, 96 U. Mich. L.Rev. No. 8, 2192-2195, August, 1998

In Memory of the Honorable Spottswood William Robinson, III, Vol. 15 Harv. Black Letter Law Journal, 25-27, Spring, 1999

Circuit Chief: How the Court Really Works, 1999

Federal Courts - Standards of Review: Appellate Court Review of District Court Decisions and Agency Actions, Thomson/West, 2007

Classes/Seminars Taught:
Tenured Member, University of Michigan Law School, 1970 - 1975

Tenured Member, University of Michigan Law School, 1977 - 1980

Lecturer, University of Michigan Law School, 1988 - 1989

Visiting Professor, Harvard Law School, 1975 - 1976

Professor of Law, Harvard Law School, 1975 - 1977

Lecturer, Harvard Law School, 1982 - 1988

Harvard Institute for Educational Management, 1976 - 1982

Visiting Professor of Law, Program for International Legal Cooperation, Free University of Brussels, 1974

Faculty, Law and Higher Education, Harvard University, 1976 - 1982

Lecturer, Pennsylvania Law School, 1981 - 1982

Distinguished Lecturer, Duke Law School, 1983 - 1989

Lecturer, Georgetown Law School, 1985 - 1986

Lecturer, New York University Law School, 1989 - Present

Visiting Professor, NYU School of Law, 1990 - Present

Honors and Awards:
Hazen Fellow, Aspen Institute Executive Seminar, 1982

Cornell University School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Judge William B. Groat Alumni Award, 1978

Society of American Law Teachers Award, 1980

The American Lawyer, Outstanding Performer in Legal Profession for Judicial Opinions in Labor Law, 1982

Honorary LL.D., St. Lawrence University, 1983

Honorary LL.D., University of Detroit, 1984

Honorary LL.D., Williams College, 1986

Honorary LL.D. Empire State College, State University of New York, 1989

Honorary LL.D., John Jay College of Criminal Justice, 1991

Honorary LL.D., Lewis & Clark College, Northwestern School of Law, 1993

Honorary LL.D., Brooklyn Law School, 1993

Honorary LL.D., Georgetown University, 1995

Honorary LL.D., Marquette University, 1994

Whitney North Seymour Medal, American Arbitration Association

Award for Contributions to Legal Education, District of Columbia Law School, 1991

Distinguished Jurist Award, Thomas M. Cooley Law School, 1993

Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution Award, 1992

Scholarship in the Industrial Field: Pioneer Contributions, presented by the Industrial Relations Research Association, 1996

Honorary Fellow of the College, conferred by The College of Labor and Employment Lawyers, Inc., 1997

Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree, conferred by New York Law School, 1997

Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree, conferred by the University of Connecticut, 1999

Professional Associations and Memberships:
American Bar Association, 1970 - Present

District of Columbia Bar Association

American Law Institute

AMTRAK, 1977 - 1980
Board of Directors

AMTRAK, 1979 - 1980

Association of American Law Schools, 1970 - 1980
Member, Executive Committee, 1979-1980

National Academy of Arbitrators, 1973 - 1980
Member, Vice President, 1978-1980

National Commission on the Observance of International Women's Year, 1976 - 1977
Chairman, Rules Committee

National Academy of Arbitrators, 1975 - 1980
Member, Board of Governors

National Academy of Arbitrators, 1978 - 1980
Vice President

American Judicature Society

Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution, 1975 - 1980

Industrial Relations Research Association
Past Member

Order of the Coif, 1985 - 1993
Member, Executive Committee

American Academy of Arts and Sciences

National Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1990 - 1994
Member, Board of Directors

AFSCME Public Review Panel, 1975 - 1978

Administrative Conference of the United States, 1976 - 1980
Public Member

West Publishing Co., 1978 - 1980
Editorial and Advisory Board

National Academy of Science (Committee on Science, Technology, and Law)

Past Employment Positions:
United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit, Chief Judge, September 15, 1994 - July 15, 2001

United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit, Judge, 1980 - 1994

Neutral Labor Arbitrator, 1970 - 1980

Seyfarth, Shaw, Fairweather & Geraldson, Chicago, Associate, 1965 - 1970

Birth Information:
1940, New York, New York, United States of America

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